2024 Florida Saltwater vs. Freshwater Fishing Licenses: What You Need to Know

As an avid angler in the Sunshine State, understanding the differences between saltwater and freshwater fishing licenses is crucial. Florida, known as the “Fishing Capital of the World,” offers a wide array of fishing opportunities, from crystal-clear streams to the vast expanse of the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. To ensure the sustainability of these precious resources and to support conservation efforts, the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) requires anglers to obtain the appropriate licenses and permits.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll dive deep into the world of Florida fishing licenses, exploring the distinctions between saltwater and freshwater permits, their costs, exemptions, and the impact they have on preserving our beloved fishing heritage for generations to come.

Types of Florida Fishing Licenses

Florida offers a variety of fishing licenses to cater to the needs of both resident and non-resident anglers. Let’s take a closer look at the different types of licenses available.

Saltwater Fishing Licenses

When it comes to saltwater fishing, Florida provides several license options:

  • Resident Annual: $17.00
  • Resident Five-Year: $79.00
  • Non-Resident Annual: $47.00
  • Non-Resident 3-Day: $17.00
  • Non-Resident 7-Day: $30.00

For Florida residents who prefer to fish from the shoreline or a structure affixed to shore, the FWC offers a no-cost Resident Annual Saltwater Shoreline License. This license does not cover fishing from a vessel or a shoreline reached by vessel.

Freshwater Fishing Licenses

Florida’s freshwater fishing licenses follow a similar structure to their saltwater counterparts, with options for both residents and non-residents:

  • Resident Annual: $17.00
  • Resident Five-Year: $79.00
  • Non-Resident Annual: $47.00
  • Non-Resident 3-Day: $17.00
  • Non-Resident 7-Day: $30.00

Combination Licenses and Exemptions

The FWC provides combination licenses that bundle saltwater fishing with freshwater fishing and/or hunting privileges at a reduced cost for Florida residents. These include:

  • Annual Resident Saltwater Fishing/Freshwater Fishing Combination: $32.50
  • Annual Resident Saltwater Fishing/Freshwater Fishing/Hunting Combination: $48.00
  • Annual Resident Freshwater Fishing/Hunting Combination: $32.50

For the ultimate outdoor enthusiast, the Annual Resident Gold Sportsman’s License ($100.00) and the Five-Year Resident Gold Sportsman’s License ($494.00) offer a comprehensive package that includes saltwater fishing, hunting, freshwater fishing, and various permits.

It’s important to note that there are a few exemptions to the fishing license requirement. Youth under 16 years of age, Florida residents 65 years of age or older with proof of age and residency, and certain other individuals may be exempt from needing a license. However, even if you’re exempt, you must still adhere to all other fishing regulations, such as bag limits, size limits, and seasons.

Fishing in Mixed Waters: Estuaries and Coastal Areas

One common question anglers face is whether they need a saltwater or freshwater license when fishing in areas where both types of fish coexist. The answer lies in the species you’re targeting, not the location.

In estuaries, rivers, and other mixed water bodies, license requirements follow the species of fish you’re attempting to catch, regardless of where you’re fishing. If you’re unsure about the type of fish you might encounter, it’s best to err on the side of caution and obtain both a saltwater and freshwater license.

Remember, if you catch a fish that you’re not licensed for, you must release it immediately. For example, if you’re fishing with a saltwater license and happen to hook a largemouth bass (a freshwater species), you must let it go without delay.

Online Resources and Purchase Options

Obtaining your Florida fishing license is a simple and convenient process. You can purchase your license online at GoOutdoorsFlorida.com, through the Fish|Hunt FL app, or in person at a licensed agent or tax collector’s office.

When purchasing your license, you’ll have the option to add a Hard Card for an additional fee. This durable, credit card-style license can hold up to seven different licenses or permits, making it a convenient option for anglers who frequently fish in various locations or participate in multiple outdoor activities.

It’s crucial to stay informed about the latest fishing regulations and any changes that may occur. The FWC regularly updates its rules and regulations to ensure the sustainable management of Florida’s fisheries. Visit the FWC’s website regularly, follow them on social media, and download the Fish Rules App for location-specific regulations.

Conservation Efforts and Sustainable Fishing

Obtaining a fishing license is more than just a legal requirement – it’s an investment in the future of our cherished fishing heritage. The funds generated from license sales directly support the FWC’s conservation efforts, including habitat restoration, fish stocking programs, research, and aquatic education.

Responsible Fishing Practices

As responsible anglers, we must do our part to ensure the sustainability of Florida’s fisheries. Some key practices include:

  • Adhering to bag limits, size limits, and seasons
  • Practicing proper catch-and-release techniques
  • Using circle hooks when fishing with natural bait to minimize deep hooking
  • Disposing of fishing line and tackle properly to avoid wildlife entanglement
  • Reporting any suspicious or illegal fishing activities to the FWC’s Wildlife Alert Hotline

By following these guidelines, we can help maintain healthy fish populations and preserve our fishing heritage for future generations.

Supporting Conservation Work

In addition to purchasing a fishing license, there are many ways to support conservation efforts in Florida. Consider participating in volunteer opportunities with local organizations, such as coastal cleanups, habitat restoration projects, or youth fishing programs. You can also make a donation to the FWC’s Youth Hunting and Fishing Programs, which introduce children to the joys of outdoor recreation and the importance of conservation.

Looking Ahead: 2024 and Beyond

As we look ahead to the 2024 fishing season, it’s essential to stay informed about any changes to fishing regulations or license requirements. While the information provided in this article is accurate as of 2023, it’s always a good idea to check the FWC’s website for the most up-to-date information.


Understanding the differences between saltwater and freshwater fishing licenses in Florida is essential for any angler looking to enjoy the state’s abundant fishing opportunities. By obtaining the appropriate licenses and permits, you not only ensure compliance with the law but also contribute to the conservation and preservation of our invaluable fisheries.

As we embark on the 2024 fishing season, let us embrace our role as stewards of the environment and continue to support the FWC’s efforts in maintaining Florida’s status as the “Fishing Capital of the World.” Together, we can ensure that the thrill of the catch and the serenity of the water remain a cherished part of our heritage for generations to come.

So, whether you’re a seasoned angler or a curious newcomer, grab your gear, purchase your license, and embark on an unforgettable fishing adventure in the Sunshine State. The waters are calling, and the fish are waiting.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do I need a fishing license if I’m only catching and releasing fish?

Yes, a fishing license is required even if you’re practicing catch-and-release. The license covers the attempt to take fish, regardless of whether you keep your catch.

Can I use my out-of-state fishing license in Florida?

No, out-of-state fishing licenses are not valid in Florida. Non-residents must purchase the appropriate Florida fishing license based on the duration of their stay and the type of fishing they plan to do.

Are there any free fishing days in Florida?

Yes, the FWC offers several free fishing days throughout the year, typically on weekends. During these designated days, residents and non-residents can fish without a license. However, all other regulations, such as bag limits and size limits, still apply.

Do I need any additional permits for specific species?

Yes, certain species like snook, lobster, and tarpon require additional permits on top of your regular fishing license. Be sure to check the FWC’s website for the most up-to-date information on permit requirements.

How can I contribute to conservation efforts beyond purchasing a fishing license?

In addition to buying a fishing license, you can support conservation efforts by practicing responsible fishing techniques, such as proper catch-and-release methods, adhering to bag limits and size restrictions, and participating in volunteer opportunities with local conservation organizations.


How to Get a Fishing License in Florida – Freedom Boat Club
Fishing License – Miami-Dade County
How Anglers Can Conserve – FWC
Do I need a license or permit? – FWC
Recreational Freshwater Licenses & Permits – FWC
Saltwater Recreational Licenses and Permits – FWC
Visitors’ Licenses – FWC

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